Reference: (1) Wikipedia <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Our_Lady_of_Mount_Carmel>; (2) About Religion <http://catholicism.about.com/od/holydaysandholidays/p/OL_Mount_Carmel.htm>; (3) Mary Pages <http://www.marypages.com/MountCarmel.htm>; (4) EWTN <https://www.ewtn.com/expert/answers/brown_scapular.htm>.
A scapular is a garment worn by religious over the shoulders (scapula), and hanging down in front and back, usually to about the bottom of the habit. It developed as a practical garment, protecting the habit during work, and was in time invested with spiritual significance, consecration or dedication to God. The best known and most highly esteemed scapular, and the one most favored by the Church, and by the Blessed Virgin in many of her apparitions, is the Brown Scapular of Our Lady of Mount Carmel. It is adapted from the scapular of the Carmelite Order and represents a special Consecration to Our Lady under the title of Our Lady of Mount Carmel. Those who wear it practice it a special devotion to Mary. The person has a special entrustment of themselves to Mary for their salvation. This, in
fact, has been promised to those who faithfully wear the scapular: "Those who die wearing this scapular shall not suffer eternal fire." This must not be understood superstitiously or magically, but in light of Catholic teaching that perseverance in faith, hope and love are required for salvation. The scapular is a powerful reminder of this Christian obligation and of Mary's promise to help those consecrated to her obtain the grace of final perseverance. (4)
Feast Day: 16 July
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Our Lady of Mount Carmel is the title given to the Blessed Virgin Mary in her role as patroness of the Carmelite Order. The first Carmelites were Christian hermits living on Mount Carmel in the Holy Land during the late 12th and early to mid 13th century. They built in the midst of their hermitages a chapel which they dedicated to the Blessed Virgin, whom they conceived of in chivalric terms as the "Lady of the place." Our Lady of Mount Carmel is the patron saint of Chile. (1)
According to the traditions of the Carmelite order, on July 16, 1251, the Blessed Virgin Mary appeared to St. Simon Stock, a Carmelite. During the vision, she revealed to him the Scapular of Our Lady of Mount Carmel, popularly known as the "Brown Scapular." A century and a quarter later, the Carmelite order began to celebrate on this date the Feast of Our Lady of Mount Carmel. (2) At her apparition, it was said that Mary told St. Simon Stock the following: "Receive, my beloved son, this habit of thy order: this shall be to thee and to all Carmelites a special privilege, that whoever dies clothed in this shall never suffer eternal fire." (3)